Lacan, Jacques

(1901-1981)
   psychiatrist, psychoanalyst
   Born in Paris, Jacques Lacan came to psychoanalysis after his thesis, Psychose paronoïaque dans ses rapports avec la personalité (1932) opened new paths to the study of psychosis. His analysis is of the "mirror" state (or phase) that acts as the mediator of the total self-image in the development of the subject's identity (Le Stade du miroir comme formateur de la fonction du "je," 1936, 1949). For Lacan, it is through the spoken word (method of signification) that the human enters the dialectic of the intersubjective, that is, the area of not just simple needs, but desires. Seeking to bring together psychoanalysis and linguistics, his work recalls the hermetic style of Stéphane Mallarmé and is contested by numerous psychoanalysts. Lacan left the Freudian school in 1980. A large number of his writings are found together in his Écrits (1966), and his seminar on psychoanalysis has been published.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 81)    by Alison Ross   Jacques Lacan was a French psychoanalyst most famous for his structuralist interpretation of Freudian psychoanalysis. Despite his structuralist fame his work can be divided into many different phases, including an… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901 83) Lacan was a French psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine who reinterpreted the work of Sigmund Freud in the light of the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure . He trained at the Paris Medical Faculty, in 1963 became Chargé de… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Lacan, Jacques — ▪ French psychologist in full  Jacques Marie Émile Lacan  born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris       French psychoanalyst who gained an international reputation as an original interpreter of Sigmund Freud s (Freud,… …   Universalium

  • Lacan, Jacques — (1901–1981) French psychoanalyst and intellectual. Lacan was director of the École Freudienne de Paris from 1963, but his influence rested more on the series of seminars that he gave at the university of Paris from 1953, and which decisively… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques — See Structuralism (french) and after …   History of philosophy

  • Lacan, Jacques —   (1901 81)   see clones + cloning , cool memories , imaginary , language , psychoanalysis , other + otherness , sign and utopia …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Lacan, Jacques-Marie-Emile —    (1901–1981)    The founder of an independent school of thought within psychoanalysis, Lacan was born in Paris into an upper middle class family. As an intern at the psychiatric hospitals of the Seine department (Paris), in 1928 he spent a year …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — born April 13, 1901, Paris, France died Sept. 9, 1981, Paris French psychoanalyst. A practicing psychiatrist in Paris for much of his career, Lacan emphasized the primacy of language as the mirror of the unconscious mind and introduced the study… …   Universalium

  • Lacan, Jacques (-Marie-Émile) — (13 abr. 1901, París, Francia–9 sep. 1981, París). Psicoanalista francés. Practicó la psiquiatría en París durante gran parte de su carrera. Lacan puso énfasis en la primacía del lenguaje como el espejo del inconsciente, e introdujo el estudio… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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